NO MORE BS: Multi-Drug Intoxication and George Floyd – Speedballing

WebMD.com details specifically what multi-drug intoxication is, and a portion of the definition is quoted below:

Combined drug intoxication (CDI) occurs when two or more substances are taken simultaneously and can result in serious life-threatening conditions, including death.  While some medications can be safely taken together, combined drug intoxication happens when the toxicity of two or more substances negatively affects the body.”

Knowledge Check!Multiple drug intoxication can occur accidentally and purposefully to counteract the adverse effects of one drug by including another drug, for example, extending a Heroin high through adding Cocaine.  First responders, including police, paramedics, and others, stand on the front-line of a chemistry experiment gone wrong and never know until blood toxicology reports are returned what they are walking into.  Not excusing unprofessional behavior from those responding; but, I am placing blame upon those choosing to inject, smoke, snort, or pop the pills.  The professionals on the front-line deserve the benefit of the doubt, especially when multi-drug intoxication is suspected.

Thin Blue LineDirect from the trial records, covered by the New York Post reporters, we find the following in a second search of the vehicles involved in the George Floyd legal trial.

“Forensics investigators found two pills in the center console of the Benz that proved to be methamphetamine and Fentanyl, Anderson said.  Also found in the vehicle was a pipe with traces of THC and packets of Suboxone, a drug used by patients addicted to opioids.”

For those uneducated in street drug terms, speedballing is covered in a publicly available PowerPoint put together by the Florida Alcohol and Drug Abuse Association, the Florida Department of Children and Families, and JBS International.  I encourage you to review this PowerPoint, as it explicitly details what happens to the human body when multiple drugs are consumed, including meth and Fentanyl.  Knowing truly is half the battle as G. I. Joe proclaimed all through the 1980s.Millstone of Designed Incompetence

I make no accusations, but I find that Politifact.com used other media sources to debunk a Facebook claim instead of actual documents, revealing and embarrassing to all media outlets.  Long have I searched for and wanted to read the toxicology report from the George Floyd Autopsy.  Again, I am not a medical professional nor a chemist, and I use publicly available tools to investigate.  The George Floyd Toxicology report clearly states the following were present in George Floyd’s body on his day of death:

      • Caffeine – Positive
      • Cotinine – Positive
      • 4-ANPP – 0.65ng/ml
      • 11-Hydroxy Delta-99 THC – 1.2ng/ml
      • Delta-9 Carboxy THC – 42ng/ml
      • Delta-9 THC – 2.9ng/ml
      • Methamphetamine – 19ng/ml
      • Fentanyl – 11ng/ml
      • NorFentanyl – 5.6ng/ml
      • Cannabinoids – Presumed Positive
      • Fentanyl/Metabolite – Presumed Positive
      • Morphine – Free – 86ng/ml

Detective 4The “Reference Comments” at the bottom of the toxicology report is very revealing.  When he chose to attack police and resist arrest, George Floyd was a walking timebomb of chemicals.  We have nicotine from tobacco use, NoDoz, THC from smoking marijuana, plus the strong suspicion of a speedball containing meth and Fentanyl, among other chemical substances.  Consider this for a moment; the Florida PowerPoint states that Fentanyl and Meth would act as a “push/pull” on the brain and body.

Abusing two or more drugs simultaneously increases adverse side effects and increases health risks.  Negative side effects could include all or some of the following:

      • Anxiety
      • High Blood Pressure
      • Strong or Irregular Heartbeat
      • Suppressed Breathing Abilities
      • General Confusion
      • Incoherence
      • Blurred Vision
      • Stupor, Drowsiness
      • Paranoia
      • Mental Impairment
      • Uncoordinated Motor Skills
      • Death from Stroke
      • Death from Heart Attack
      • Death from Aneurysm
      • Death from Respiratory Failure
      • Death from a rapid change in Heartbeat pace from Depressed to Overspeed
      • Death from Cardiac Arrhythmias

Knowledge Check!Important to consider, when depressants and stimulants are mixed, the combination of lethality is challenging to judge, and fatal overdoses occur from misjudging the amounts of drugs being consumed.  Because no one is reporting how long George Floyd was speedballing, or if he was speedballing, we could not judge the severity of cognitive, physical, and psychological effects from these drugs being used/abused.  Unless it was never reported, George Floyd’s family has never been asked about his behavior when sober or on this multi-drug cocktail; I have found zero records investigating George Floyd.  These records could still be in the defense lawyer’s hands due to the coming defense of Derek Chauvin in appeals court.

Question 2Regardless, America has two problems represented in the George Floyd case.  Neither problem involves how police do their jobs, and everything to do with the media and Hollywood representing drug use as popular and risk-free, and the continued drug problems America has been facing since the 1960s explosion of illicit drugs.  Illegal and illicit drug use is fueled by social acceptance, which Hollywood and the media empower.  The statistics from 2020 and the COVID-Farrago are still being calculated and gathered.  However, the preliminary numbers show increased alcohol and drug use up significantly during the lockdowns, reflecting the second method that increases illegal drug use and abuse, government intrusion, and restrictions.

When the press goes above and beyond to punish the police and honor and glorify a criminal, criminal activity increases due to media protection and the desired payday through the judicial process.  How much money has the family of George Floyd been able to gather? Just from the city, we find a payday of $27Million!  Those are tax dollars being paid for political purposes, and the taxpayers in Minneapolis, especially after all the terrorism, should be just as mad as the rest of the country.  Why was the payday made, the media!  Why the rush to pay off the family, the press!

Wasting TimeThe media fact-checked using their echo chambers, quoted each other instead of asking real questions and obtaining real answers, and the politicians caved like a cheap suit!  Take a minute and read the different stories from the George Floyd incident or any other major media circus.  You will find the echo chambers, the faux emotional investing, the pandering to audience emotional investment, and the media trying to be judge, jury, and executioner long before all the facts of an incident are known.  I have heard others describe the media circus as “stage-managed” with copied talking points, locked-in themes, and punishment for everyone who doesn’t toe the line the media is managing.

I will never say someone has to be perfect all the time.  Mistakes happen!  How those mistakes are handled defines the professionalism of the parties involved.  The media make things worse, and while I will not see the press muzzled, I consider their unethical, immoral, and borderline illegal behavior to be reprehensible and worthy of judicial punishment until behavior improves!  The media is a part of the problem, Hollywood is part of the problem, and both parties feed off each other to the detriment of American society.Never Give Up!

Yet, let’s discuss the 800# Gorilla in the room openly.  Drug use is climbing; when drug use climbs, drug abuse follows like moonlight to sunlight.  Worse, when drug use increases, social problems increase dynamically, families are destroyed, and the drugs usually make friendly people into beasts capable of eating another person’s face.  Lest you think the 2012 and 2013 incidents were singular, “… a stun gun and K-9 dog were initially unable to stop [the suspect] from continuing to attempt to eat the victim. Four deputies eventually pried [the suspect] off and arrested him. … [the suspect], a former high school football defensive lineman and wrestler, may have been on hallucinogenic drugs when he attacked.”  “A former teammate told The Palm Beach Post that coaches were frustrated with [the suspects] aggression, even at 6-feet tall and 200 pounds. “The coaches would always try to get him mad and play angry, and he never had it in him. I didn’t think he would hurt a fly.”

Knowledge Check!America, we need solutions to the drug problems in our country.  We need to find and develop new solutions to this age-old problem.  Worse, we need the politicians to stop throwing money at problems and start looking for solutions that will work.  Let us begin to look at drug addiction, use, and abuse, which includes all drugs and alcohol, where those addicted can receive support in breaking the habit but are still held accountable for the problems their drug use/abuse caused.  I am interested in hearing your thoughts on fixing the drug use/abuse problems; I know I do not have all the answers.

© 2021 M. Dave Salisbury
All Rights Reserved
The images used herein were obtained in the public domain; this author holds no copyright to the images displayed.

A Leadership Statement – Shifting the Political Paradigm for a Better America

As a leader, three basic principles drive leadership:  freedom, agency, and learning (Robinson, 1999; Rao, 2013; Tucker, 2001; and Ulrich, 2008).  Three inviolate laws are also present, these inviolate laws are: respect, engagement, and preparation; these laws are guided by the principles of freedom, agency, and learning.  Hand-in-hand, these three principles of leadership and the three inviolate laws govern society.  Image - MSM HandledWe are learning by sad experience that many, especially on college campuses and in professional sports arenas, consider respect to be a one-direction demand, where accountability is not enforced and where the hooligans and terrorists of thought, demand and punctuate their demands with violence. A person, who tries to curtail the thoughts of others with physical, verbal, or emotional abuse, has crossed the line into thought terrorism, and their voice is reduced to nothing, even though mainstream media (MSM) outlets provide these people a soapbox to reach a larger audience.  A person, who demands respect to flow to them and refuses to give respect to others, is abusing verbally and emotionally those they refuse to respect.

Leaders, who embrace the freedoms of their followers, allow them full possession of their individual freedoms, encourage them to employ individual agency, and allow them to be guided by a thirst for learning (Broskowski, 1984; Ekanayake, 2004; and Hoppe, 2006).  Image - John Wayne QuoteThe engaged learner prepares fully in a constant cycle of learn and teach and needs to be supported in this cycle in order to remain a learner preparing to teach and a teacher preparing to learn.  The leader has responsibility for teaching correct principles and embracing the need for the learner to govern himself or herself.  Thoughts and beliefs, opinions, and personal preferences cannot and should not be litigated, forced, or coerced.  Those, who choose to act in a manner not conducive to a quiet and orderly discussion, diminish themselves, harm themselves, and place themselves outside civilization, like the rabid dogs of the west.  The proper response by civilization for those placing themselves in this category, rabid dogs or wolves, remains the same:  permanent separation and removal.

The successful leader is morally obligated to embrace loyal opposition found in those being led and to take and give counsel and guidance to improve plans, implement ideas, and garner the individual buy-in from free agents ensuring integrity, responsibility, and accountability are not lost or forgotten.  The leader is a teacher and a teacher is a leader.  The cycle for learning and teaching does not become lost or less significant as rank is increased.  The inverse occurs. The greater the rank the higher the responsibility to remain engaged in the learning/teaching cycle (Kumle and Kelly, 2006; Maehr and Braskamp, 1986; Nibley, 1987).

Imperative to those with greater authority are the requirements to oversee those to whom authority has been delegated.  Image - Quote Poltics is DirtyWhen those possessing delegated authority use that authority to denigrate, deride, and destroy, that authority needs to be publically stripped, and the individual forced to make amends concurrent with the laws of the land and the expectations of society.  We have come to a point in the laws of America where those with money and powerful political connections (Anthony Weiner) can receive pitiful punishments for dangerous crimes, and those without powerful political friends and money receive far harsher sentences for crimes committed, where standard sentence guidelines include some portion of all of the following: 5-10 years in prison, registering as a sex offender, and fines starting at $50,000 (Lorang, McNiel, & Binder, 2016).

Consider the IRS Scandal, the VA Scandals, and the continuing news cycles where politicians make promises and renege on those promises before the ink is dry on the election result forms.  The staffs to whom authority has been delegated are being allowed to run rampant, and those selected to be leaders are doing nothing to curtail the abuse of power being inflicted upon the population (Perez, 2015).

America, President Trump is a leader, whereas many of the House and Senate are less than the poorest managers ever vested with delegated authority.  Consider Senators McCain, Feingold, and Collins, where Obamacare is concerned, they campaigned on repealing Obamacare, and they continue to actively thwart the legislative process for personal gain (Prokop, 2015).  Leaders, regardless of their field of endeavor and political environment, act, work, and their actions are logically tied to their work.  While one might disagree with the actions based upon personal opinion, the actions taken signify their leadership.  Managers, do not act, are not tied to their actions, and never are held accountable; whereas, the leader and their actions are inseparable.  Hence, while McCain, Feingold, and Collins, among others, will thwart the needs of America for personal gain, Trump will be held accountable for their inaction.  Image - Terrorism DefinedThe same is true for the inaction and legal quandary Obama created at the IRS and the VA, managers performed tasks that were incongruent with the law, were not held accountable, thus the president remains culpable.

Consider how many times “deals” have to be made just to get common sense, helpful, and proper legislation out of committee and in front of the current sitting president.  In real life, “deals” would be considered bribery, collusion, inducements, kickbacks, and blackmail; yet, the citizens accept these legislative maneuvers in the hopes of improving America through legislation.  We are told as children that politics is a dirty business; it has become a dirty business, because those in power and those with delegated power have refused to honor, sustain, and support the laws of the land, the expectations of the citizens they purport to represent, and the illegal use of tax money to conduct these bribes is reprehensible at best.

Currently, the solution remains in the hands of the voters re: stop electing the same old names over and over again.  Why have Senators McCain and Collins become so powerful; tenure in the Senate, McCain since 1981 to present and Murkowski since 2002, and Collins since 1996, they have been living off the public taxpayer for too long!  I am not advocating term limits.  I am advocating an informed and motivated electorate willing to be the leaders they wish to see in office, and holding those in power accountable for the power that has been delegated from “We the People” to those who temporarily hold elected office.  I am advocating for voters to make the election box more important than the TV box, the cubicle box, or the social media box.

I am advocating for the return of a highly charged and logically powered electorate to take back the reins of power from those currently in office, especially those who have continually proven they cannot handle our authority.  For example, Senator Collins has continually proven a weak link by taking positions anathema to her voters, but lacking a viable alternative, her voters return her to power every six-years.  In fact, having lived in her district, I know for a fact there are many of her voters who despise Senator Collins, and hold their nose and vote for her anyway.  Having lived in Senator McCain’s district, the same is said of him when voting every six years, no viable alternative, send the same old name back to power.

Much noise has been made about professional sports players and the refusal to stand for the Anthem and the American Flag.  Under the three principles of leadership and the three inviolate laws, these players do not deserve the jobs they hold, let alone a position of respect.  The reason is simple.  The flag covers all.  Standing for the flag means respect for all, honor for all, and will, regardless of the other person, stand for America as the last bastion of liberty, freedom, and a republican form of government.  The liberties demanded to allow you to sit are the same liberties you are rejecting every time you sit for the anthem and flag ceremony.  All kneeling sports players and flag burners should answer this question: “When you are in trouble, do you want American police, firefighters, EMT’s, and or the American Military personnel to help you?”  If so, why would you contemplate sitting when standing for the flag symbolizes you will help others and sitting proclaims you will not help others.  Since you will not help others, as signified by burning the flag and kneeling or sitting out the national anthem, where should help come from?

I cannot stress enough leadership is needed. Image - Eagle & Flag Leadership begins with those who selected their leaders demanding an accounting for the authority delegated to them.  Use the principles of leadership mentioned and the inviolate laws to correct yourself, your family, and then demand from society the same.  When we do this as a nation standing for liberty, we will succeed, and those naysayers and whiffle-whafflers will be held in eternal contempt because of their actions against us, the citizens of this Republic, the United States of America!

 

© 2017 M. Dave Salisbury

All Rights Reserved

The images used herein were obtained in the public domain, this author holds no copyright to the images displayed.

 

 

 

References

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Lorang, M. R., McNiel, D. E., & Binder, R. L. (2016). Minors and sexting: Legal implications. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 44(1), 73-81.

Maehr, M. L. and Braskamp, L. A. (1986) The motivation factor: A theory of personal investment. Lexington Press, Lexington, MA.

Nibley, H. (1987). Management vs. leadership. Executive Excellence, 4(12), 9. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/204630361?accountid=458

Perez, E. (2015, October 23). First on CNN: DOJ closes IRS investigation with no charges. CNN – Politics. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2015/10/23/politics/lois-lerner-no-charges-doj-tea-party/index.html

Prokop, A. (2015, September 25). The GOP can’t quit Obamacare repeal because of their donors. VOX. Retrieved from https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2017/9/25/16339336/graham-cassidy-republican-donors

Rao, M. S. (2013). Soft leadership: a new direction to leadership. Industrial and Commercial Training, 45(3), 143-149. doi: 10.1108/00197851311320559

Robinson, G. (1999). Leadership vs management. The British Journal of Administrative Management, 20-21. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/224620071?accountid=458

Tucker, R. (2001). Innovation: The new core competency. Strategy & Leadership, 29(1), 11-14.

Ulrich, D., Smallwood, N., & Sweetman, K. (2008). The leadership code: Five rules to lead by. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Review Press.